Section: mtr (8)
Updated: March 4, 1999
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mtr - a network diagnostic tool



mtr [-hvrctglspeniuTP46] [--help] [--version] [--report] [--report-wide] [--report-cycles COUNT] [--curses] [--split] [--raw] [--mpls] [--no-dns] [--show-ips] [--gtk] [--address IP.ADD.RE.SS] [--interval SECONDS] [--psize BYTES | -s BYTES] [--tcp] [--port PORT] [--timeout SECONDS] HOSTNAME [PACKETSIZE]



mtr combines the functionality of the traceroute and ping programs in a single network diagnostic tool.

As mtr starts, it investigates the network connection between the host mtr runs on and HOSTNAME. by sending packets with purposely low TTLs. It continues to send packets with low TTL, noting the response time of the intervening routers. This allows mtr to print the response percentage and response times of the internet route to HOSTNAME. A sudden increase in packet loss or response time is often an indication of a bad (or simply overloaded) link.

The results are usually reported as round-trip-response times in miliseconds and the percentage of packetloss.




Print the summary of command line argument options.


Print the installed version of mtr.


This option puts mtr into report mode. When in this mode, mtr will run for the number of cycles specified by the -c option, and then print statistics and exit.
This mode is useful for generating statistics about network quality. Note that each running instance of mtr generates a significant amount of network traffic. Using mtr to measure the quality of your network may result in decreased network performance.


This option puts mtr into wide report mode. When in this mode, mtr will not cut hostnames in the report.

--report-cycles COUNT
Use this option to set the number of pings sent to determine both the machines on the network and the reliability of those machines. Each cycle lasts one second.

--psize BYTES
These options or a trailing PACKETSIZE on the command line sets the packet size used for probing. It is in bytes inclusive IP and ICMP headers

If set to a negative number, every iteration will use a different, random packet size upto that number.


Use this option to force mtr to use the curses based terminal interface (if available).


Use this option to tell mtr to display information from ICMP extensions for MPLS (RFC 4950) that are encoded in the response packets.


Use this option to force mtr to display numeric IP numbers and not try to resolve the host names.


Use this option to tell mtr to display both the host names and numeric IP numbers. In split mode this adds an extra field to the output. In report mode, there is usually too little space to add the IPs, and they will be truncated. Use the wide report (-w) mode to see the IPs in report mode.

-o fields order
--order fields order

Use this option to specify the fields and their order when loading mtr.
Available fields:
LLoss ratio
DDropped packets
RReceived packets
SSent Packets
NNewest RTT(ms)
BMin/Best RTT(ms)
AAverage RTT(ms)
WMax/Worst RTT(ms)
VStandard Deviation
GGeometric Mean
JCurrent Jitter
MJitter Mean/Avg.
XWorst Jitter
IInterarrival Jitter

Example: -o "LSD NBAW"


Use this option to force mtr to use the GTK+ based X11 window interface (if available). GTK+ must have been available on the system when mtr was built for this to work. See the GTK+ web page at for more information about GTK+.


Use this option to set mtr to spit out a format that is suitable for a split-user interface.


Use this option to tell mtr to use the raw output format. This format is better suited for archival of the measurement results. It could be parsed to be presented into any of the other display methods.

--address IP.ADD.RE.SS

Use this option to bind outgoing packets' socket to specific interface, so that any packet will be sent through this interface. NOTE that this option doesn't apply to DNS requests (which could be and could not be what you want).

--interval SECONDS

Use this option to specify the positive number of seconds between ICMP ECHO requests. The default value for this parameter is one second.


Use UDP datagrams instead of ICMP ECHO.


Use TCP SYN packets instead of ICMP ECHO. PACKETSIZE is ignored, since SYN packets can not contain data.

--port PORT

The target port number for TCP traces.

--timeout SECONDS

The number of seconds to keep the TCP socket open before giving up on the connection. This will only affect the final hop. Using large values for this, especially combined with a short interval, will use up a lot of file descriptors.


Use IPv4 only.


Use IPv6 only.



Some modern routers give a lower priority to ICMP ECHO packets than to other network traffic. Consequently, the reliability of these routers reported by mtr will be significantly lower than the actual reliability of these routers.



For the latest version, see the mtr web page at

The mtr mailinglist was little used and is no longer active.

Bug reports and feature requests should be submitted to the launchpad mtr bugtracker.



traceroute(8), ping(8) TCP/IP Illustrated (Stevens, ISBN 0201633469).